Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of the disease, but survival rates are also among the highest in the world, with eight out of ten women who develop the disease surviving for five years or longer. It can also occur in men (breast cancer is one hundred times more common in women than men), and they tend to have a poorer outcome because of delays in diagnosing the disease. Now let’s talk about some of the reasons behind breast cancer facts that a lady should know.
The first sign that most women will notice is a change in the breasts, typically a lump. Other symptoms may include itching, redness, swelling and a change in the skin texture. Over 80% of cases, however, are diagnosed when the woman finds a lump and reports it to her doctor.
There are a number of lifestyle factors that increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer facts during her life. One of the main reasons behind brest cancer is smoking, and the earlier in life the smoking begins, the greater the overall risk. Diet can also play a major role in development of cancer, with a high fat diet and alcohol intake increasing the risk significantly.
Family history is one of the biggest risk factors for the development of breast cancer. If a close female relative develops the disease, then your risk is increased. If the disease develops before the age of forty, the risk is significantly higher. The BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations are known to increase the risk of developing breast cancer facts in those who carry one or both mutations.
For women over the age of fifty, it is recommended that breast screening is carried out every two-three years in order to detect any changes earlier and help achieve early diagnosis of any cancers that many develop. This may be done using a clinical examination to check for lumps, or a mammogram (an X-ray that will detect smaller changes that have not yet developed into a noticeable lump). Mammograms also carry an inherent risk, since X-rays are known to be a cause of cancer. However, this risk is deemed to be extremely low and worth taking when the number of cases of breast cancer facts it can detect is taken into account.